A dry skin has a lack of sebum (natural oils) & underactive sebaceous glands. Dry skin can be flaky and feel tight & uncomfortable, therefore dry skins need to be exfoliated regularly & ingredients that are nourishing & have more oils are more suited.
Our skins generally do become more dry as we age, this change is skin is part of the natural (intrinsic) ageing process.
An oily skin has overactive sebaceous (oil) glands & therefore produces too much sebum. This skin is not always problematic but when there are other factors involved, the pores may become blocked & cause blackheads & breakouts. Oily skin is shiny and can be greasy to the touch, it is still however important to moisturize & hydrate this skin as leaving it unprotected can worsen the condition
Combination skins have oily areas & other areas that are just dehydrated. The oily areas are generally the T Zone (forehead, nose, chin), with normal- dehydrated cheeks
This is the “peaches & cream” skin. Not many of us are lucky to have this skin! It has no problems, not dry or oily but is generally slightly thinner & may be delicate
Skin conditions change according to our ages & environment, here’s a basic explanation of common skin conditions.
Most of the population is dehydrated! Even if we drink enough water, we must remember our body’s functioning requires water, so we still need to hydrate & protect our skins with good skincare
Dehydrated skin lacks water, dehydrated skin is recognized by fine lines, and it can also feel tight.
Delicate & Sensitive
Delicate & sensitive skin is often very difficult to handle. It is recognized as being red & irritated, it can be sensitive permanently or sensitive to products or climate change. The skin may also flair up when increasing foods high in histamine into the diet.
There are two types of ageing, the natural ageing process (Intrinsic) & the external factors that cause ageing (Extrinsic). When trying to slow down again, it is important to take a look at both & look at ways to slow down the intrinsic ageing & protect the skin against the external aggressions to prevent extrinsic ageing. Products that are able to work on the skin’s stem cells, have ingredients that mimic or are able to boost skin collagen & also products that protect & regenerate (increase cellular renewal) the skin are very important! Don’t forget your SPF 50!
The sun causes photoaging & also burns the skin which causes pigmentation. There are different types of pigmentation, the most common is melasma or Chloasma (during pregnancy), however there is also post inflammatory pigmentation which is pigmentation left behind after trauma to the skin. Pigmentation is when the skin pigment, melanin, is overproduced; this overproduction is caused by sun exposure, hormonal influences or inflammation.
It is very important to protect your skin against the damaging UV rays & to use products that prevent the overproduction of melanin.
Acne prone & Problematic skin
Acne skin is characterized by breakouts & blackheads, acneic skin needs homecare & advice that is specific to the client. Acne is common during puberty, however adult acne can start in the late 20s & continue into the 40s.